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From Planning to Harvest: A Guide to Family Gardens

by | Sep 15, 2023 | Gardening | 0 comments

When planning a new flower or vegetable garden, your family should be realistic about the time and cost for preparation, planting, maintenance, harvesting, and removal of residue. The suggested size for a family flower or vegetable garden is 100 to 400 square feet. You can increase or decrease it later, as needed.

The first and most useful hand tool should be a garden fork for digging, tilling, or cultivating. A mini-tiller may be helpful for larger areas up to 1,000 square feet.

Most family gardens should be narrow enough to reach the center from each side. Gardens with long rows are for commercial producers.

Crops planted in raised beds will yield more than those in ground-level plots.

You can raise a bed by cutting grass low, covering the area with several sheets of wet-white old newspaper or cardboard, and topping it off with 6 to 12 inches of fertile topsoil or bed mix.

  • The garden will retain its original size and shape if you build a frame.
  • If you don’t frame your garden, the topsoil must be re-graded each season.
  • If you neglect the garden, the raised bed may become a berm in the landscape.

You can plant the smallest gardens in containers. If properly managed, the plants should be the most productive.

Be sure to plant the adapted varieties of your preferred vegetables and flowers.

  • Plants can be set in a checkerboard pattern instead of close in a row with a wide space between rows.
  • You should consider the root system’s spread and the mature plants’ size.

One autumn, I set my cabbage plants nine inches apart and broccoli six inches apart. They shaded the soil after becoming about half mature, discouraging weeds. The plants grew together, and the heads were of average size. I may set them the same distance apart this fall — 12 and 9 inches, respectively.

A man holding a box of vegetables.

A healthy harvest of vegetables from the garden.


If tomato plants are transplanted to larger containers several times for a week or two, they should grow more roots. If two tomato plants are set in the same hole or trench, they should mature and develop fruit earlier than they would individually.

You should set the plants in a deep hole or a trench (3 to 6 inches deep), with only the top cluster of leaves showing. That will force them to grow more roots along the stem and become a more robust plant.

Apply deep mulch around the tomato plants in a one or two-foot radius. This is the season to apply starter water-soluble fertilizer with calcium to prevent blossom-end rot as the fruit matures.


The “dog days” of summer may return.

If you have a shady area, it’s an excellent time to build a compost structure. It should contain one cubic yard or more to develop heat and speed decomposition. Or you can pile grass clippings, leaves, kitchen vegetable scraps, and other yard residue to decompose.

A woman emptying food scraps into a composting structure

Emptying food scraps into a composting structure.

Leaves decompose faster if shredded with a lawn mower or shredder machine. Compost has fertility value determined by the organic materials in it. Some leaves may be better than cow manure.

Lawn-grass clippings have mineral elements based on the soil fertility and the grass stage when mowed.