A bare root rose has some distinct advantages over a potted rose.
It’s produced by pruning a rose bush, removing it from the soil (including the roots), and placing it in a dormant state in a cool, dark, humid environment. The rose bush ships without any soil attached to the roots. Roots must be kept moist and cool until ready to plant, usually within 2-3 weeks.
This method of growing allows for more robust roots (and ultimately blooms) compared to potted roses. However, it requires extra care to ensure the rose is planted correctly.
When to Plant a Bare Root Rose in Southern California
The best time to plant bare roots roses is during their dormant season, typically between late fall and early spring. Planting at this time of year allows the rose to establish its root system and prepare for the growing season ahead. However, planting during late spring to early summer is also acceptable.
Choosing a Planting Location
A good location — 3 ft by 3 ft minimum — is critical to growing beautiful, low-maintenance roses. The area should receive at least six hours of sun each day — in other words, half a day or more. Some afternoon shade is beneficial for cooling during the hot summer months.
An open, breezy site is preferable to the corner of a solid wood fence. Superior soil drainage ensures healthy, vigorous root growth. You may want to consider a sloped area or raised bed.
You should amend the planting bed with 4 to 6 inches of a blended mixture consisting of 2/3 sandy loam and 1/3 soil conditioner. Supplement your planting area with 1 lb of gypsum, about 3 oz of granular soil sulfur, 1.5 oz of magnesium sulfate, and 1.5 oz of rose food. You can substitute or modify the rose food with 6 oz of all-natural plant food.
Topdressing the bed with 3 to 4 inches of mulch will buffer against temperature swings, conserve and retain moisture, minimize weed growth, and replenish much-needed organic matter in the soil.
How to Plant a Bare Root Rose Bush
- Choose a Location: Select a well-ventilated area of your garden with full sun (at least 6 hours per day) and well-draining soil. Avoid planting in areas with standing water or puddles, as this could lead to root rot.
- Soak the Roots: Place the bare root rose bush in a large bucket of lukewarm water for about 30 minutes before planting. This will help rehydrate the roots and encourage growth.
- Dig a Hole: Make a hole large enough to fit all roots comfortably. The hole should be deep enough so that the crown (where the root and stem meet) is level with the soil surface.
- Place in Soil: Place the rose bush into the hole, spreading its roots as much as possible. Gently backfill the hole with soil and lightly press down to remove any air pockets.
- Water: Thoroughly water the newly planted rose bush until the earth is saturated. Continue to water regularly, usually every other day or when the top inch of soil feels dry.
- Mulch: Spread a thin layer (2-3 inches) of organic mulch, such as leaves, straw, or wood chips, over the soil around the rose bush. This will help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.
- Prune: Clip any dead, damaged, or diseased branches to encourage new growth and shape the rose bush.
- Fertilize: Give the rose bush a balanced fertilizer throughout the growing season, following directions on the package.
Rose Maintenance & Care
Weekly soil watering, monthly feeding during heavy blooming, and bi-monthly control of seasonal diseases and insects are typical considerations for premium blooms. Old roses recover readily when stressed by disease and insects, so some gardeners elect not to spray them.
FAQs About Planting & Growing Bare Root Roses
Q: What soil do I need to plant bare root roses?
A: Bare root roses prefer a well-draining, pH-neutral soil high in organic matter and rich in nutrients.
Q: Is it possible to grow bare root roses in containers?
A: Yes, you can grow bare root roses in containers as long as the container is at least 18 inches deep and wide, has adequate drainage holes, and whose soil meets the requirements above.
Q: How much should I water newly planted bare root roses?
A: When planting a bare root rose, water it generously to prevent it from drying. Once established, water regularly to keep the soil moist but not saturated. Approximately 1 inch of water per week should be enough for most varieties of bare root roses.
Q: How often should I fertilize my bare root roses?
A: It’s best to fertilize every four to six weeks during the growing season, using a balanced fertilizer like 10-10-10 or similar proportions.
Q: Does pruning help my bare root roses produce more flowers?
A: Yes, pruning helps to encourage new growth on your rose bush, resulting in more flowers throughout the growing season.
Q: Are there any pests or diseases I should look out for when growing bare root roses?
A: Although rare, some pests and diseases can affect your rose plants, including aphids, scale insects, fungus/mildew, and black spot fungus. Be sure to check your plants regularly for signs of infestation and treat them accordingly.
Q: What is the best time of year to plant bare root roses?
A: The best time of year to plant is late winter or early spring, when temperatures begin to rise and before they reach their peak heat levels in the summer months. This gives your new plant plenty of time to establish itself before colder weather sets in again.
Q: Do I need special tools for planting a bare root rose?
A: No, basic garden tools are all you need. A shovel, pruners, and a rake should suffice. Be sure you also have access to water, such as a hose or watering can.